Diseña http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena <p>Peer-reviewed, biannual, open access, and bilingual publication by the Escuela de Diseño of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. <em>Diseña</em> promotes research in all areas of Design. Its specific aim is to promote critical thought about methodologies, methods, practices, and tools of research and project work.</p> <p>Founded by Ximena Ulibarri. </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Indexes, Directories, and Databases:</strong></p> <p>-Repositorio de Revistas UC</p> <!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:AllowPNG/> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><!-- [if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:DoNotShowPropertyChanges/> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF/> <w:LidThemeOther>ES-CL</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables/> 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mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:8.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:107%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} </style> <![endif]--> <p><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">-</span><span lang="PT" style="mso-ansi-language: PT;"><a href="https://www.latindex.org/latindex/inicio"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">Latindex-Catálogo 2.0</span></a></span> <span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">(Regional Online Information System for Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal).</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 107%;"><a href="https://www.redib.org/">-REDIB</a> (Red Iberoamericana de Innovación y Conocimiento Científico).</span></p> <p> </p> <p><em>ISSN: 2452-4298 Online Version</em></p> <p><em>ISSN: 0718-8447 Print Version </em></p> <p> </p> <p><em><span class="gI"><span data-hovercard-id="revistadisena@uc.cl" data-hovercard-owner-id="155">Contact: <a href="http://www.revistadisena.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/management/settings/context/mailto:revistadisena@uc.cl">revistadisena@uc.cl</a></span></span></em></p> Escuela de Diseño Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile en-US Diseña 0718-8447 <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by-sa/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Licencia de Creative Commons" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license.</a></p> <p>COPYRIGHT NOTICE</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All contents of this electronic edition are distributed under the Creative Commons license of "Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Internacional" (CC-BY-SA). Any total or partial reproduction of the material must mention its origin.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The rights of the published images belong to their authors, who grant to Dise&ntilde;a the license for its use. The management of the permits and the authorization of the publication of the images (or of any material) that contains copyright and its consequent rights of reproduction in this publication is the sole responsibility of the authors of the articles.</p> Design, Oppression, and Liberation http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/53601 <p>The role of design in structuring oppression has gone largely unacknowl­edged by design research and design history. However, we can see a recent move, pushed by social movements, to recognize design’s complicity with many forms of oppression. Acknowledging oppressive design opens up the possibility of occu­pying, reclaiming, repairing, and restoring what oppressors have done with it. Some approaches shift design research from denouncing to announcing new realities. Without doing so, fatalism could prevail, even if critical of the current reality. In the case of design, this means putting equal effort on analyzing oppressive designs and on developing liberating designs. In tune with this implication, this special issue highlights research that contributes to both sharpening the understanding of oppression in design, and increasing the solidarity between the different struggles for liberation that cut across design.</p> Frederick M.C. van Amstel Lesley-Ann Noel Rodrigo Freese Gonzatto Copyright (c) 2022 Frederick M.C. van Amstel, Lesley-Ann Noel, Rodrigo Freese Gonzatto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 Intro Intro 10.7764/disena.21.Intro Data Visualization for Non-oppression and Liberation: A Feminist Approach http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/49569 <p>In this article, we address data visualization as a political artifact in light of the work of the Observatory of Data and Statistics on Gender and Intersectionalities (ODEGI). We show how a feminist approach explores political dimensions in data and turns data visualization into a tool of subversion and resistance against the systems of oppression, in an unequal society like the Chilean. The reflections in this article seek to create dialogue around the question of how data visualization can be transformed into a tool of non-oppression and liberation, from a feminist approach. In line with this, the first part of the article provides a brief contextualization of the political and ethical attributes of data visualization. Then, we reflect on a framework that allows us to understand it as a feminist tool. We will finally delve into the ODEGI case and our use of data visualization to contribute to the fight against patriarchy and other systems of oppression, giving concrete examples of the categories of analysis we use in our design and decision processes.</p> Lizbeth Bravo Catalina Rufs Daniela Moyano Copyright (c) 2022 Lizbeth Bravo , Catalina Rufs, Daniela Moyano https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 2 2 10.7764/disena.21.Article.2 The Production of Life in Latin America and the Caribbean and its Relation to Design and other Related Fields: About Delinking, Disobeying, and Decolonizing http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/49599 <p>When building a brief genealogy of Latin American social thought, it is noticeable that the search for delinking from the Western modernity imposed by the colonial project is at its essence. In this way, this article proposes, through Laó-Montes and Vásquez’s <em>doble crítica </em>(double criticism), to initiate an immanent critique of the production of life in Latin America and the Caribbean, and its relation to Design and related areas, articulating the ideas of anthropologists Arturo Escobar and Tim Ingold. It also aims to develop a transcendent critique, a subaltern interpretation of this production based on the materiality found in the urban space of the capitalist periphery; specifically, peripheral spontaneous design or (re)existence design, as a device for an enchanted pedagogy: the Brazilian <em>gambiarra</em>, the Cuban technological disobedience, among others. As a result, it is pointed out that the knowledge of reality as well as the recognition both of humanity and the struggle for emancipation, all present in the production of life through subaltern history, constitute, together, a path to decolonization.</p> Pamela Cordeiro Marques Correa André Luiz Carvalho Cardoso Copyright (c) 2022 Pamela Cordeiro Marques Correa, André Luiz Carvalho Cardoso https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 3 3 10.7764/disena.21.Article.3 South-South Dialogues around Buen Vivir-Centric Design http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/49589 <p>Using a dialogic methodology, in this article we discuss our doctoral research experiences and positionalities in two different contexts from the Global South, working with historically marginalized communities. The first voice, originating in Mexico, explored decolonizing design and Mayan textile knowledges in collaboration with a women-led collective in the highlands of Chiapas. The second voice, which originated in South Africa, collaboratively explored technological innovation by small-scale urban farmers. The dialogue reflects on <em>uno con el todo, colectividad</em>, resource(ful), pluriversal, and equilibrium as Buen Vivir- Centric design guiding principles to reflect on our studies. We discuss the learnings and transformations in our design research from dominant approaches towards Indigenous and endogenous ways of knowing, being, and making.</p> Diana Albarrán González Angus Donald Campbell Copyright (c) 2022 Diana Albarrán González, Angus Donald Campbell https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 4 4 10.7764/disena.21.Article.4 Student Strike as a Critical Pedagogy Practice in Graphic Design Education http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/49407 <p>This article reports on and analyzes the experience of undergraduate Industrial Arts Graphic Design students autonomously planning and holding an event (<em>préocupe</em>) using action research methods to address two issues: fragmentation of the student body and the feeling of inadequacy. By framing Vieira Pinto’s concepts of 'work' and 'critical consciousness', this research confirmed that students’ existential reality is akin to that of the working classes: they both work for others when performing their regular activities. The paper presents the statements of students gathered in a collective interview to demonstrate that <em>préocupe </em>instantiated the pedagogical essence of striking: developing the class’s critical consciousness. This work pertains to other initiatives challenging the spread of neoliberal education worldwide, and is a meaningful contribution to critical pedagogy practices in design education, with accounts of students developing both operational graphic design skills and critical consciousness autonomously.</p> Eduardo A. B. M. Souza Paulo Carneiro Cunha Filho Copyright (c) 2022 Eduardo A. B. M. Souza, Paulo Carneiro Cunha Filho https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 5 5 10.7764/disena.21.Article.5 Access and Mobility in Milton Keynes: An Inclusive Design History where Urban Planning Ideals and Design Intent Meet Disability Politics http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/49535 <p>This paper offers the first inclusive design history of Milton Keynes, examining how the accessibility of Milton Keynes was conceived at the time it was planned and designed. Prompted by the recollection at interview that people with disabilities were encouraged to live in Milton Keynes because it was accessible, the foundations of this claim are explored through walkabouts, oral histories and documentary evidence. The study reveals ‘ease of movement and access’ as one of Milton Keynes’ planning goals and The Open University as the location for foundational arguments that shaped the social construction of disability. It is remarkable that the social model of disability and the injustice of inaccessibility surfaced in a city that was designed to enable mobility and access, although Milton Keynes in the 1970s is remembered as a place that attracted designers, academics, and activists interested in a more equitable future.</p> Rachael Luck Copyright (c) 2022 Rachael Luck https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 6 6 10.7764/disena.21.Article.6 Generative Allegories of Oppression and Emancipation: Reflecting with Computational Social Models http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/48341 <p>This paper presents a computational approach to growing artificial societies (agent-based simulations) as an explicit, accessible, and systematic tool to visualize and generate insights and new questions about Paulo Freire’s concepts of oppression and emancipation. These models do not make claims of validity or prediction, instead, their value is to structure our thinking and support our understanding. Here, I use computational social simulations as generative allegories to reflect upon the role of designers in participatory, co-design, and social design contexts. The paper shows how Freirean ideas can help reframe design as a pedagogical craft based on dialogue and collective inquiry.</p> Ricardo Sosa Copyright (c) 2022 Ricardo Sosa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 7 7 10.7764/disena.21.Article.7 Amplifying the Black Voice Through Design http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/49609 <p>Minneapolis experienced another devastating occurrence: the murder of an unarmed black man by the police in the midst of the national trial of Derek Chauvin. While the community continued to grieve the injustices against George Floyd, police officer Amy Potter shot and killed Daunte Wright on April 11th, 2021. To inspire unity amongst organizers and protestors, I created typography inspired by the Movement for Black Lives, and messages to unify what we all were, and still are, fighting for. My work is open-source and used on t-shirts, hoodies, posters, and pins, which I organized to be distributed for free within the community. Throughout this visual essay, I will discuss the importance of community protest as a tool for racial justice, and how design can provide an opportunity to support and uplift the voice of Black people.</p> Terresa Moses Copyright (c) 2022 Terresa Moses https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 1 1 10.7764/disena.21.Article.1 Anti-oppressive Assessment Strategies for Design Teaching http://publicaciones.revistasteiniana.uc.cl/index.php/Disena/article/view/53599 <p>This editorial aims to contribute to the discussion opened by the editors of this special issue by making visible the power dynamics that are implicit in evaluation strategies. It is argued that, by uncritically evaluating students, we not only reproduce patterns of social stratification but also legiti­mize them. Three strategies are proposed that could contribute to the adoption of liberating forms of assessment in the field of design education: self-assess­ment, freedom of format, and free assessment weighting. Beyond their instru­mental value, it is emphasized that these strategies make power relations visible, opening a way to subvert them.</p> Renato Bernasconi Copyright (c) 2022 Renato Bernasconi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 21 Editorial Editorial 10.7764/disena.21.Editorial